Abahlali base-Istanbul baya kuphefumla umoya ongcono kunaphantsi kwendlela

Ukuphefumla okusemgangathweni osemgangathweni kwi-istanbul subways
Ukuphefumla okusemgangathweni osemgangathweni kwi-istanbul subways

I-IMM iqalile umsebenzi wokuphucula umgangatho womoya ngokuhambelana nomthetho wesizwe kwiindlela eziphantsi. Iisampulu ziya kuqokelelwa kwinqwelo, iqonga kunye neholo yetikiti kwaye idatha iya kuhlaziywa. Iziphumo ziya kuvavanywa kwaye amasuntswana atshatyalalisiwe emthonjeni. Amaxabiso e-PM 10 kwiindlela eziphantsi kuya kuncitshiswa.

Umasipala wase-Istanbul Metropolitan (IMM), yonke imihla, ngaphezulu kwesigidi se-2 yabantu abaya eIstanbul ukuya konyusa umgangatho womoya kwi-metro uqalile umsebenzi. Le projekthi iza kwenziwa ngokudibeneyo liMetro İstanbul AŞ kunye ne-İBB yoLawulo lokusiNgqongileyo. Iisampulu eziqokelelweyo ziya kuvavanywa kwaye umthombo wamasuntswana uya kugqitywa kwaye utshatyalaliswe kwindawo.

Iziphumo ziya kwabiwa nabahlali base-Istanbul

Umphathi we-Metro Istanbul Energy kunye ne-Environmental Management u-Ismail Adiyah, iimetworks ngezikhathi ezithile zokulinganisa kunye ne-80 cubic metres ejikelezayo ngomzuzwana ngokusebenzisa abalandeli bomoya ongcolileyo bayakhutshwa, uthethe olu lwazi malunga nomsebenzi:

"Siza kwenza imilinganiselo ekumgangatho wehlabathi. Siza kuchonga ubulunga bomoya kwizitrato eziphantsi. Emva koko siya kusebenza kwiindlela zokuphucula. Siza kugxila ekuphelisweni nasekunciphiseni uthuli kunye namasuntswana emthonjeni. Nangona kunjalo, injongo yethu kukwenza ukuba umoya ophefumlayo ube nentsholongwane.
Egxininisa ukubaluleka kokusebenzisa izixhobo zomgangatho ekumgangatho ophezulu ukufumana idatha yesayensi ekumgangatho womoya, u-Adyıl ugxininise ukuba idatha ethembekileyo ayinakufumaneka kwizixhobo ezilula. U-Adirve uthe, almak Sifuna ukufumana iziphumo ezisempilweni kwaye sidlulise iziphumo ngendlela ebonakalayo ebantwini bethu ngokufumana inkxaso kwiinjineli ezivela kwiiyunivesithi kunye neCandelo le-IMM loKhuselo lweNdalo. Injongo yethu kukuphucula umgangatho womoya. ”

Iingcali ziya kuhlaziya umoya

U-Bahar Tüncel, uNjineli weNdalo esiNgqongileyo kwiCandelo loKhuseleko kwiNdawo ye-Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality, uthe balinganisa ukungcola okunje ngezinto ezinobumba, ikharbon monoxide, initrogen oxide kunye ne-ozone kwizikhululo ezahlukeneyo e26 kwaye bathi:
"I-Yenikapı-Hacıosman (M2) kunye neKadıköy-Tavşantepe (M4) imigca iyakulinganiselwa kwisikhululo se-10 esenziwa ngexesha le6. Sijonge ukumisela amaxabiso omoya omoya ahlala kwindawo engaphantsi nakwabo basebenza apha. Sifuna ukuqhuba la maxabiso aphezulu ngaphezulu kwemigangatho ebekiweyo kumthetho wesizwe wovavanyo lomoya kunye nolawulo. Siza kuqhuba ngezifundo zokuphucula ngokweziphumo zohlalutyo

UTuncel ucacisile umgaqo wokuqokelela idatha yesiXhobo sokuPhambanisa iMattery kwaye wathi unesakhono sokuzoba iisampulu ezilungileyo zothuli ngokuzoba i2,3 ye-cubic metres yomoya ngeyure ukusuka kwicandelo le-chimney kwaye wathi baya kuba nethuba lokufumana amasuntswana abahlalutyi abazenzekelayo kwaye baqokelele iisampulu kwicebo ngeli xesha. Cel Emva kosuku olunye lokulinganisa, iifilitha ziya kutshintsha ngokuzenzekelayo. Emva koko uhlalutyo lweesampulu eziqokelelweyo luya kwenziwa. Siza kubona inqanaba lomoya, sithathe owona mthombo wokungcola kwaye senze utshintsho. "

Isixhobo seSampulu yeCustoms
Isixhobo seSampulu yeCustoms

Yintoni i-PM10?

Izinto ezizimeleyo zineentsimbi ezinzima ezifana ne-mercury, lead, cadmium kunye neekhemikhali ze-carcinogenic kwaye zithwala umngcipheko kwimpilo yabantu. Ezi khemikhali zinetyhefu zidibanisa nomswakama kwaye ziphenduke zibe yi acid. Ukusuka isosi, iarhamba yokuhamba, i-petroli kunye ne-dizeli yokuphelisa imoto zinezinto ezinobungozi njengecandelo lamalahle amalahle, inhalation yabo yexesha elide inokubangela izifo ezibalulekileyo.

Ngaphezulu kwe-10 microns ze-PM zigcinwe empumlweni. I-diameter ye-10-1 ye-micron diameter idlula kwimithambo ye-capillary, ngelixa incinci kune-2 microns eqokelela ngokufikelela kwimiphunga kunye ne-bronchi ngomgudu wokuphefumla, ngelixa ezo isentimitha se-0,1 micron zinokuhambisa ukusuka kwi-capillary ukuya egazini.

Iimpawu zangoku

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    NgoJanuwari 28 @ 08: 00 - NgoJanuwari 29 @ 17: 00
  2. Amalungu oshishino Intlanganiso yoNyaka

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  3. Isaziso seTender: Uhola wendlela ogqithileyo kuMalatya-Çetinkaya

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